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Constitutive Models for Rubber VII

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Title: Constitutive Models for Rubber VII
Author: Niall Murphy, Stephen Jerrams
ISBN: 0415683890 / 9780415683890
Format: Hard Cover
Pages: 474
Publisher: CRC Press
Year: 2011
Availability: 15-30 days
  • Description
  • Contents

All aspects of our lives, industry, health, travel and leisure, are utterly reliant on rubber materials, yet typically this notion rarely occurs to us. Increasingly, greater demands are made on elastomeric compounds and we seek elevated performance in terms of improved physical and chemical properties. In particular, we have come to expect rubber components (tyres, vibration isolators, seals etc) to exhibit exceptional wear and fatigue resistance, often at elevated temperatures. Unsurprisingly then, the emphasis in characterising isochoric materials has shifted significantly away from understanding and modelling hyperelastic material behaviour, to a position where we can confi dently design and manufacture rubber components having the functionality and resilience to meet the dynamic loading and harsh environmental conditions that are prevalent today.

In consequence, state-of-the-art technology in terms of dynamic response and fatigue resistance are strongly represented here along with numerous insights into advanced elastomers used in novel applications.

This development is not at the expense of research devoted to current test procedures and the constitutive equations and algorithms that underpin finite element methods. As a result, Constitutive Models for Rubber VII is not only essential reading for undergraduates, postgraduates, academics and researchers working in the discipline, but also for all those designers and engineers involved in the improvement of machines and devices by introducing new and novel elastomers possessing elevated properties.


Part I : Invited Papers
Chapter 1 : Unravelling The Mysteries of Cyclic Deformation in Thermoplastic Elastomers
Chapter 2 : The Role of Glassy-Like Polymer Bridges in Rubber Reinforcement
Chapter 3 : Elastic instabilities in Rubber

Part II : Mechanical Characterization of Rubber – Novel Approaches
Chapter 4 : Strain-induced Crystallization of Natural Rubber Subjected to Biaxial Loading Conditions As Revealed By
X-Ray Diffraction
Chapter 5 : Effects of Strain Field And Strain History on The Natural Rubber Matrix
Chapter 6 : Parameter identification Based on Multiple inhomogeneous Experiments of Practical Relevance
Chapter 7 : New insights About Strain-Induced Crystallization of Natural Rubber Thanks To in Situ X-Rays
Seasurements During Uniaxial Cyclic Deformation At High Velocity
Chapter 8 : Application of Full-Field Measurements And Numerical Simulations To Analyze The Thermo-Mechanical  
Response of A Three-Branch Rubber Specimen
Chapter 9 : Effect of Thermal Cycles on The Kinematic Field Measurement At The Crack Tip of Crystallizable Natural
Chapter 10 : Processing Heterogeneous Strain Fields With The Virtual Felds Method : A New Route For The
Mechanical Characterization of Elastomeric Materials
Chapter 11 : Energy Losses at Small Strains in Filled Rubbers
Chapter 12 : The Mechanism of Fatigue Crack Growth in Rubbers Under Severe Loading : The Effect of
Stress-induced Crystallization
Chapter 13 : Influence of Thermal Ageing on Mechanical Properties of Styrene-Butadiene Rubber

Part III : Modelling And Simulation
Chapter 14 : An Extended Tube Model For Thermo-Viscoelasticity of Rubberlike Materials : Theory And Numerical  
Chapter 15 : Characterization And identification of The Memory Decay Rates of Carbon Black-Filled Rubber
Chapter 16 : Theoretical And Numerical Modelling of Unvulcanized Rubber
Chapter 17 : Thermomechanical Material Behaviour within The Concept of Representative Directions
Chapter 18 : Chemical Ageing of Elastomers : Experiments And Modelling
Chapter 19 : A Stable Hyperelastic Model For Foamed Rubber
Chapter 20 : Simulation of Self-organization Processes in Filled Rubber Considering Thermal Agitation
Chapter 21 : On Finite Strain Models For Nano-Filled Glassy Polymers
Chapter 22 : Aspects of Crack Propagation in Small And Finite Strain Continua
Chapter 23 : Testing, Modelling and Validation of Numerical Model Capable of Predicting Stress Fields Throughout  
Polyurethane Foam
Chapter 24 : Comparison of Two Different Approaches to Predict Rubber Response At Different Strain Rates
Chapter 25 : Numerical Analysis of The Heterogeneous Ageing of Rubber Products
Chapter 26 : Proposal of an orthotropic Hyperelastic Model For Fiber-Reinforced Rubber in The Electric Generator
Chapter 27 : A Thermo-Chemo-Mechanical Coupled Formulation, Application To Filled Rubber
Chapter 28 : Microstructural Analysis of Carbon Black Filled Rubbers By Atomic Force Microscopy And Computer  
Simulation Techniques
Chapter 29 : Identification of Local Constitutive Model From Micro-indentation Testing

Part IV : Damage Mechanisms in Elastomers
Chapter 30 : A New Approach to Characterize The Onset Tearing in Rubber
Chapter 31 : Damage Variables for The Life-Time Prediction of Rubber Components
Chapter 32 : Formation of Crust on Natural Rubber After Ageing
Chapter 33 : Contribution of Accurate Thermal Measurements to The Characterization of The Thermo-Mechanical  
Properties of Rubber-Like Materials
Chapter 34 : Nano- to Macro-Scale Modeling of Damage in Filled Elastomers
Chapter 35 : influence of Strain induced Crystallization on The Mechanical Behaviour of Natural Rubbers
Chapter 36 : Tear Rotation in Reinforced Natural Rubber

Part V : Stress Softening and Related Phenomena
Chapter 37 : Modelling Mullins and Cyclic Stress-Softening in Filled Rubbers
Chapter 38 : Modelling of The Payne Effect Using A 3-D Generalization Technique For The Finite Element Method
Chapter 39 : Electromechanical Hysteresis in Filled Elastomers
Chapter 40 : Effect of The Strain Amplitude and The Temperature on The Viscoelastic Properties of Rubbers Under
Fatigue Loading
Chapter 41 : Effect of Material and Mechanical Parameters on The Stress-Softening of Carbon-Black Filled Rubbers  
Submitted to Cyclic Loadings
Chapter 42 : From The Experimental Determination of Stress-Strain Full Fields During a Bulge Test Thanks To 3d-Dic  
Technique to The Characterization of Anisotropic Mullins Effect
Chapter 43 : A New isotropic Hyperelastic Strain Energy Function in Terms of invariants And its Derivation into A  
Pseudo-Elastic Model For Mullins Effect : Application to Finite Element Analysis
Chapter 44 : The Mullins Effect

Part VI : Design and Applications
Chapter 45 : Evaluation of Magneto-Rheological Elastomers For Spacecrafts
Chapter 46 : Coupling Between Diffusion of Biodiesel and Large Deformation in Rubber : Effect on The Mechanical  
Response Under Cyclic Loading Conditions
Chapter 47 : Characterization and Numerical Study of Rubber Under Fast Depressurization
Chapter 48 : Fatigue Peeling of Rubber
Chapter 49 : Elastomer Prediction Method For Space Applications
Chapter 50 : Structural optimization of a Rubber Bushing For Automotive Suspension
Chapter 51 : optimisation and Characterisation of Magnetorheological Elastomers
Chapter 52 : Marine Ageing of Polychloroprene Rubber : Validation of Accelerated Protocols and Static Failure Criteria
by Comparison to a 23 Year old Offshore Export Line
Chapter 53 : Nanomechanics of Rubber For Fuel Efficient Tyres

Part VII : Fatigue and Time Dependent Behaviour
Chapter 54 : Definition and Use of an Effective Flaw Size For The Simulation of Elastomer Fatigue
Chapter 55 : Determination of Effective Flaw Size For Fatigue Life Predictions
Chapter 56 : Fatigue Crack Growth Dynamics in Filled Natural Rubber
Chapter 57 : Heat Build-Up and Micro-Tomography Measurements Used to Describe The Fatigue Mechanisms and to
Evaluate The Fatigue Lifetime of Elastomers
Chapter 58 : In-Situ Synchrotron X-Ray Diffraction Study of Strain-induced Crystallization of Natural Rubber During
Fatigue  Tests
Chapter 59 : The influence of Inelasticity on The Lifetime of Filled Elastomers Under Multiaxial Loading Conditions
Chapter 60 : Time-Dependence of Fracture Behaviour of Carbon Black Filled Natural Rubber
Chapter 61 : Investigations Regarding Environmental Effects on Fatigue Life of Natural Rubber
Chapter 62 : Potentials of Fea-Simulation For Elastomer Stress Softening in Engineering Practice
Chapter 63 : On The influence of Heat Ageing on Filled in For Automotive AVS Applications

Part VIII : Test Methods and Analytical Techniques
Chapter 64 : Development of an Experimental Device to Investigate Mechanical Response of Rubber Under
Simultaneous Diffusion and Large Strain Compression
Chapter 65 : Determination of The Behaviour of Rubber Components Under Hydrostatic Pressure
Chapter 66 : Creating s Uniform Magnetic Field For The Equi-Biaxial Physical Testing of Magnetorheological
Elastomers; Electromagnet Design, Development and Testing
Chapter 67 : A Method of Real-Time Bi-Axial Strain Control in Fatigue Testing of Elastomers
Chapter 68 : Measurement and Simulation of a Jumping Rubber Ball
Chapter 69 : Swelling of Bent Rubber Strips and Recovery When The Stresses are Removed
Chapter 70 : Experimental Determination of Mechanical Properties of Elastomeric Composites Reinforced by Textiles
Made of Sma Wires And Numerical Modelling of Their Behaviour
Chapter 71 : Simple Shearing of Soft Biomaterials
Chapter 72 : Three-Dimensional Carbon Black Aggregate Reconstruction From Two Orthogonal Tem images
Chapter 73 : Finite Element Analysis and Design of Rubber Specimen For Mechanical Test
Chapter 74 : A New Machine For Accurate Fatigue And Crack Growth Analysis of Rubber Compounds
Chapter 75 : Biaxial Fracture Testing of Rubber Compounds
Chapter 76 : Dynamic Analysis and Test investigation on Rubber Anti-Vibration Component

Author index

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